Белая гвардия PDF/EPUB å

Белая гвардия PDF/EPUB å

10 thoughts on “Белая гвардия

  1. Steven Godin Steven Godin says:

    After graduating from Kiev University Mikhail Bulgakov would go on to decide his future lie in literature rather than practicing as a doctor during which he witnessed the horrors of the Russian civil war Bothered though by the censors and political unrest Bulgakov would write to Stalin asking to be allowed to emigrate if he couldn't make a living as a writer in the USSR And the word goes Stalin actually phoned him up offering a job in the Moscow Arts Theatre instead Similar to that of revolutionary writer Victor Serge Bulgakov's work only saw the light of day posthumously Safe to say thank god it didNot as well known as his most recognizable 'The Master and Margarita' The White guard is certainly closer to non fiction and built on Bulgakov's own experiences during the turmoil and unpredictability of conflict The story takes place in a snow covered Kiev 1918 turning the spotlight on the once wealthy Turbin family After their mother passes away the three children of doctor Alexei the oldest Elena twenty four and seventeen year old Nikolka face up the fact of a new regime as Bolsheviks Socialists and Germans fight for total control over the city Elena's husband Captain Talberg would leave for battle as the household enters a fragile and worrying timeThe city itself is vivid to the eyes as confusion grows on the streets as to who is fighting with who? through all it's unorganized chaos Bulgakov does a grand job of showing just that the chaosNothing is ever perceived clear as to what is actually going on in terms of leadershipBulgakov asserted that Kiev changed hands some 14 times in little over a year and could have written an epic Tolstoyish novel that covers ground but this is of a snapshot a panoramic view moving from character to character at regular intervals and it's length pleased me fully The departing German Imperial Army lead by the Hetman of Ukraine are replaced by opportunist leader Petlyura's supposed rise to power whilst the Ukrainian nationalist movement along with the 'The White Guard' supporters of the Tsar jostle in the background Both brothers Alexei and Nikolka are White Guard officers who place their lives in danger as change takes shape There is no doubt Bulgakov pokes fun at both Petlyura and Hetman for their weak inabilities and the sheer waste of life youth and energy sacrificed in fighting And Bulgakov seems to foresee tribulations yet to come The novel is very military Regarding the narrative not all the time but when things get going in terns of the different forces involved Bulgakov clearly knows his stuff corruption in rife anti Semitism is high and the various armies struggle with personnel and supplies during some seriously cold weather But the household of the Turbins still remains central to the story which provides the humane touch although it doesn't feature as often during the middle third Elena waits for news on husband and one of the brothers who failed to return home whilst friends of the family come and go each with their own problemsThe Turbins do side with Tsar but there isn't any reel political stance from Bulgakov's viewpoint as normal life is trying to continue people get up for work mingle out shopping kids play out in the snow little realizing what's happening around them and folk gather to talk rumours that spread like wildfire There are gaps in between the conflict where Bulgakov clearly shows his love for Kiev the ancient cathedral sits graceful the huge statue of Saint Vladimir overlooks the city holding aloft the cross whilst a blanket of snow wistfully settles on the homes and buildings below creating a whiteness through dark times Bulgakov presents a glimpse of the fear confusion and death that faced so many and he does it exceptionally wellThe snow would melt the grass would grow and the sun would rise to dry the blood of battlebut sadly one hundred years on not much has changed divided territories are still the recipe for disaster where loved ones will not be returning to loves ones and all for what?

  2. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Белая гвардия The White Guard Mikhail BulgakovThe White Guard is a novel by 20th century Russian writer Mikhail Bulgakov famed for his critically acclaimed later work The Master and Margarita Set in Ukraine beginning in late 1918 the novel concerns the fate of the Turbin family as the various armies of the Ukrainian War of Independence – the Whites the Reds the Imperial German Army and Ukrainian nationalists – fight over the city of Kiev Historical figures such as Pyotr Wrangel Symon Petliura and Pavlo Skoropadsky appear as the Turbin family is caught up in the turbulent effects of the October Revolutionتاریخ نخستین خوانش روز دوازدهم ماه جولای سال 2007 میلادیعنوان گارد سفید؛ نویسنده میخائیل آفاناسیویچ بولگاکف؛ مترجم نرگس قندچی؛ تهران، نشر قصه، 1385، در 336 ص؛ شابک 9645776856؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 20 معنوان گارد سفید نمایشنامه؛ نویسنده میخائیل آفاناسیویچ بولگاکف؛ مترجم پیمان مجیدی؛ تهران، کتاب زمان، 1385، در 144 ص؛ شابک 9646380344؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 20 مگارد سفید عنوان رمانی از «میخائیل بولگاکف»، رمان‌نویس روسیه است، که با رمان برجسته ی «مرشد و مارگاریتا» نامدار شدند داستان در «اوکراین»، در پایان سال 1918 میلادی آغاز می‌شود، و به سرنوشت خانواده ی «توربین»، در جنگ ارتش‌های دوگانه سفیدها، و سرخهای روسیه، با ارتش پادشاهی آلمان، و ناسیونالیست‌های «اوکراین»، بر سر «کی‌یف» می‌پردازد شخصیت‌های تاریخی، همچون «پیوتر ورانگل»، «پتلیورا»، و «پاولو اسکوپادسکی»، در حالیکه خانواده ی «توربین»، به ناپایداری گرفتار شده‌ اند، در داستان پدیدار می‌شوند اصل داستان متأثر از مرگ مادر نویسنده زنی مقتدر و دارای کمالات است، که پس از درگذشتش، خانواده اش، همانند خانواده ی «توربین‌»ها یتیم شد «نیکولا» نام برادر کوچک «بولگاکف» است، که به ارتش «دنیکن» پیوسته، و خانواده بیش از یکسال، از او بی‌خبر است، و برادر سومش «ایوان» نیز، همین سرنوشت را دارد همه می‌اندیشند آن دو کشته شده‌ اند اما هر دو سالم هستند، یکی در «زاگرب» و دیگری در «کی‌یف» است دو برادر بعدها به فرانسه مهاجرت می‌کنند «نیکولا» در «انستیتو پاستور فرانسه» بیولوژیست است «النا» ویژگی‌های مادرش را به ارث برده، خواهری که شوهرش از ولخرجی و گستاخی «بولگاکف» انتقاد دارد «میشلایوسکی» و «شروینسکی» هم دو تن از وابستگان و نزدیکان خانواده «بولگاکف‌» هستند پدر الکساندر هم، در دنیای واقعی، عقد ازدواج بولگاکف 1913 میلادی، و انجام مراسم خاکسپاری مادرش 1922 میلادی را به عهده دارد «واسیلی پاولویچ لیستوویچی» که مالک واقعی آپارتمان شماره سیزده و نویسنده است، در این دوران در «کی‌یف» زندگی می‌کرد آپارتمان، مجموعه‌ ای از عناصر جان‌دار و بی‌جان است، که در کلیت روح کانون خانواده را، تشکیل می‌دهند النا، آنیوتا، خدمتکار، اتاق‌های مجزا، و کتابخانه در مرکز آمدوشد بین این اتاق‌ها، و حتی پارتیشن فاوست که در تمام طول رمان، روی پیانو باز مانده است ساختار رمان، از سه بخش نامساوی تشکیل شده، که اولی سرگشتگی‌ها، دومی سقوط شهر، و سومی تلاش برای رستاخیزی دیگر را، شرح می‌دهند ا شربیانی

  3. MihaElla MihaElla says:

    This heavy volume included two works The White Guard and Theatrical Novel Notes of a DeceasedBulgakov's fate seemed to be governed by the same mixture of satire fantasy and tragedy that is the hallmark of his entire work A trained doctor aka Chekhov after he abandoned his medicine career in 1920 to devote entirely to writing he joined the theater world and his first play put on stage The Days of the Turbins adaptation of the novel The White Guard has received a great success paradoxically becoming Stalin's favourite play The obvious sympathy for the White officers made that the play to be eventually banned so from 1929 is no longer published any book nor is played any of his new plays or previous ones Leading an existence to the limit of survival Bulgakov felt forced to send to the dictator Stalin a petition then also in a letter to the Soviet government to talk about the mental imbalance to which an artist is subjected to when his living existence is threatened The letter remained famous both as a model of the writer’s assumed dissidence and its unexpected effects Although following a direct phone call from Stalin Bulgakov is re employed at the theater yet all his works remained unpublished writing in the last decade of his life with frenzy afraid he will not finish the novel The Master and Margarita for which the latest corrections he made in 1940 on the deathbed blind dictating to his wife Maria Sergeevna who apparently inspired the character of MargaretThe White Guard is a work portraying a historical reality The focus is on the Whites normally depicted in Soviet literature as evil reactionaries who are nonetheless ordinary human beings with their own problems concerns and ideals The novel same as its stage adaptation The Days of the Turbins had an extremely complex history Written between ’22 ’24 and receiving numerous substantial revisions later it was originally conceived as the first volume of a trilogy portraying the entire sweep of the post revolutionary Civil War from a number of different points of view Although the first and only volume was criticized for showing events from the viewpoints of the Whites the third volume would apparently have given the perspective of the Communists Many chapters of the novel were published separately in literary journals as they appeared The ending of the novel the seuence of dreams never appeared because the journal it was due to be printed in was shut down by official order precisely because it was publishing such material as Bulgakov’s The novel only appeared complete in Russian having been proofread by the author in 1929 in Paris The background is the Civil War in Kiev after the Bolshevik Revolution The novel starts with December 1918 and ends in February 1919 and it portrays a series of conflicting events happening during the confrontations between the three main armed forces WhitesTsarist Empire Ukrainian Nationalists and BolsheviksCommunists that were trying to dispute and gain the power and authority of the City aka Kiev and conseuently of the Country aka UkraineAs for the major protagonists the novel unfolds the story of the Turbins a noble but now in poverty family broadly moderate Tsarists in their view and therefore anti Bolsheviks but being ethnically Russian have no sympathy with the Ukrainian Nationalists either and so end up fighting for the White Guards At the beginning of the novel apparently we are still in the world of the old Russia with artistic and elegant furniture dating from the Tsarist era there is a piano books and high uality pictures on the walls There is the Turbins’ warm flat in which the family can take refuge from the events outside however the general atmosphere is nonetheless of fear for the future and great apprehension at the world collapsing The novel ends with a series of sinister apocalyptic dreams which foresee the catastrophe for the society as a whole and of family as its cell of unity Maybe I was being drifted a bit too far away but for a massive part of the novel I felt like re watching the movie The Barber of Siberia released in 1998 and directed by Nikita Mikhalkov Needless to say that I had to stop my flowing reading for a while and went on you tube to watch some couples of scenes from the movie Nostalgia showered on me recalling that I have watched it first time in a Moscow cinema 20 years ago directly in its Russian talking version which sadly I didn’t understand much but then I watched the English version and everything turned to pure light ; Additionally most critics attacked it furiously for various reasons but I just loved it ‼ I still love it The only thing is that in the movie opening with the Tsarist atmosphere of 1885 there is no openly engaged war at least not as the one to break up starting with the WW1 continuing with the 1917 Bolsheviks revolutions the Civil War and then Stalin dictatorshipSurprisingly for such a big novel normally it would have taken me some good days – I felt in a rush to read it through As a matter of fact I found myself sympathizing with the Turbins the two brothers and sister even if it doesn’t necessarily mean that I was in some partial agreement with the actions that they felt compelled to do I enjoyed the story in its real dramatic and tragic sense I felt that Bulgakov really loved his characters despite their weaknesses In a way it can be that the author himself identified with the overall story and it can be interpreted on a different layer as a autobiographyA Theatrical Novel Notes of a Deceased or in other versions Black Snow or White SnowThis is a very interesting piece of text about the theatre and life within theatre It is regarded as a strong satire on events in the Soviet theatre – in November 1936 – after Bulgakov eventually resigned from the management of MHAT Moscow Arts Academic Theatre and his play Moliere was vigorously attacked by the Communists and rejected from being put on stage On a different angle if we follow just the narrative thread Theatrical Novel can be seen as the story of the destiny of White Guard and its play adaptation The Days of the Turbins in other words it’s the story of a storyIt starts with a short introduction allegedly by an author who has found a manuscript written by a so called theatrical personage who has committed suicide The style is very direct and harsh Bulgakov takes a swipe at censorship and the vicious and abject authorities of the theatre world dealing savagely with the reputations of those people that lead the theatre who are seen as some tyrannical figures who crush the individuality and flair of writers and actors in the plays they are directingThe manuscript ends inconclusively with the dead writer still proclaiming his wonder at the nature of theatre itself despite its intrigues and frustrations; the initial author who has found the manuscript does not reappear and it’s uncertain whether the point is that the theatrical figure left his memories uncompleted or whether in fact Bulgakov failed to finish his original project It leaves room to imagine some possible scenarios for those who love to use their imagination generosity

  4. MJ Nicholls MJ Nicholls says:

    Before Bulgakov wrote several of the most exuisite Russian satires known to woman he toyed in the Tolstoyan mode with this wartime chronicle set during the Ukrainian War of Independence featuring a cast of terror pocked soldiers and wives A mixture of poetic reflection on the changing face of Ukraine action seuences domestic turmoil and dreamlike digressions the novel is an overlooked historical étude trumped by the arrival of masterpieces like Heart of a Dog and The Fatal Eggs not devoid of humour although most certainly an attempt at a grand literary statement to make the Moscow literati spit their stolichnaya the novel remained unpublished until the 1960s

  5. Janet Janet says:

    Bulgakov's elegant first novel about the unfolding of the October revolution in Kiev referred to as The City in the novel has been rereleased by the wonderful independent publisher Melville House this year in the Michael Glenny translation OutstandingTold through multiple points of view the book centers upon two days in the Russian Civil war December 13 and 14 1918 when the city of Kiev up to then controlled by the Ukrainian Hetman Skoropadsky a German puppet and ally of the Monarchist Russians falls to the armies of Petlyura a Ukranian peasant nationalist a figure of mystery and rumor The enemy of the Whites Petlyura's troops especially target the Russian officers who have supported the corrupt Skoropadsky and the Russian imperialist presence As Faulkner said the past is not over It is not even pastThe heart of the novel is the family of the Turbins Alexei a doctor returning from WWI his little brother Nikolai 17 and a cadet at the Russian military academy and their sister Elena the muse of a circle of Alexei's officer friends each uickly but masterfully drawn as well as the Turbin's comic foil Vasily Lisovich known as Vasilisa after the folk heroine Vasilisa the Beautiful an almost Doestoyevskian idiot who is the Turbin's downstairs neighborAdmirably told the novel reveals the hand of Bulgakov the dramatist as well as that of the prose artist I especially admired the skill in passing the story from one point of view to another the brilliant timing The dreams and Alexei Turbin's delirium in a fever from typhus very much herald the arrival of the surrealist Master and Margarita as well as recalling some of the feverish moments of The Magic MountainThe White Guard beautifully portrays the chaos of a civil war in which rumor is only contradicted by actual shooting in which someone's giving you orders one minute and in the next jumps on a train heading for Germany or simply disappears There is no clearcut 'good' or 'bad' in this book except for loyalty itself Although it describes the taking of Kiev from the White side it shows that the real loyalty in this world lives in one's family the Turbins and friends the officers a total stranger who saves your life or a superior who holds his ground in the face of a dissolving defense Bulgakov it was said had a very happy home life growing up and the affection and mutual aid of the three Turbins and their household definitely reflects that The prose work was published in 1925 as a magazine serial but the magazine folded before the serial was complete The popular play based on this story ran in Soviet Russia from 1926 to 1941 though the book did not appear until 1966 Stalin was said to have seen the play many times and it probably saved Bulgakov's life The Master and Margarita was far politically uestionable and never saw the light of day in Bulgakov's lifetime

  6. Jayaprakash Satyamurthy Jayaprakash Satyamurthy says:

    I wasn't sure if Bulgakov's first novel described as a historical novel about the fortunes of the city of Kiev in the year 1918 as the repercussions of the Russian revolution and the tail end of the first world war play out would be as good as his satirical masterpieces The Master And Margarita and Black Snow It certainly is Bulgakov was a literary genius that's the only conclusion I can draw Not only does he maintain complete control over a narrative that segues constantly from the panoramic to the personal he keeps finding memorable motifs and metaphors to bring his tale to life There is an entire section where he describes people's expressions and states of minds in terms of clock hand positions It seems like a subjective potentially opaue conceit but Bulgakov makes it work brilliantly A good deal of his tale is told through dreams again something potentially confusing and tedious that he does incredibly well His talent for invoking the truly fantastic was evident in The Master as was his facility with conjuring the bad numinous Here in an early vision of heaven he brings us face to face with an eually convincing vision of divinity both comforting and chilling There are numerous bravura scenes of crowds and action and of the thoughts and experiences of a his focus characters This novel is also amazingly well structured casting out a bewildering array of narrative threads that are all woven together into a tight immaculate narrative tapestry The novel ends with a virtuoso display of oneiric head hopping which culminates in a passage which shows where the true strength of this novel lies not in its many technical merits and literary flourishes amazing though they are but in its strong sense of the pathos of human destiny

  7. Laura Laura says:

    From BBC Radio 4 Extra12 Kiev is protected by an uneasy alliance Two brothers discover it's a bad time to be Tsarist Stars Paul Hilton and James Loye22 The Turbin brothers find their survival skills tested and Elena is driven to intense prayer httpwwwbbccoukprogrammesb00761h8

  8. Kerry Kerry says:

    A trip to Kiev cannot be complete without a little Bulgakov A museum dedicated to the master lies just off of St Andrew’s Descent a cobblestone street passing from St Sophia’s cathedral down to the Dneiper The museum is contained in House No 13 where at one time Mikhail Bulgakov and his family lived While “The White Guard” is not as widely known as “The Master and Margarita” which Salman Rushdie drew upon heavily for “Midnight’s Children” it provides a better sense of Ukraine and particularly KievHouse No 13 in Kiev provides the place while 1918 and Ukrainian civil war provides the setting The story is about the survival of the Turbin family in the midst of this upheaval Bulgakov’s writing is transcendentFor many years before her death in the house at No 13 St Alexei’s Hill little Elena Alexei the eldest and baby Nikolka had grown up in the warmth of the tiled stove that burned in the dining room How often they had followed the story of Peter the Great in Holland ‘The Shipwright of Saardam’ portrayed on its glowing hot dutch tiles; how often the clock had played its gavotte; and always towards the end of December there had been a smell of pine needles and candles burning on evergreen branchesBut clocks are fortunately uite immortal as immortal as the Shipwright of Saardam and however bad the times might be the tiled Dutch stove like a rock of wisdom was always there to radiate life and warmth p10The tiled stove upon which many political and apolitical messages are written is nearly a character in its own right The life it gives is not only comfort but humor tooThen printed on the stove in capitals in Nikolka’s handI herby forbid the scribbling of nonsense on this stove Any comrade found guilty of doing so will be shot and deprived of civil rights Signed Abraham GoldblattLadies Gentlemen’s and Women’s TailorCommissar Podol District Committee30th January 1918Bulgakov’s mastery of these slices of life make this an ideal book for reading while in Kiev The city comes alive with a personality that might otherwise have gone unnoticed Reading how things were while seeing how things are makes both the past and the present strikingThis book has not only history but action too The stakes are incredibly high Characters are shot they are robbed; characters live they die The politics of the novel provide a roiling backdrop though I do not think politics is the point The intersection of politics and daily life particularly when politics has brought war is a fascinating topic and one that Bulgakov explores but never in a heavy handed manner The political is merely backdrop to the personalSomething had settled in Alexei’s chest like a stone and he whistled as he breathed drawing in through bared teeth a sticky thin stream of air that barely penetrated to his lungs He had long ago lost consciousness and neither saw nor understood what was going on around him Elena stood and looked The professor took her by the arm and whispered‘Go now Elena Vasilievna we’ll do all there is to do’Elena obeyed and went out But the professor did not do anything p 275This moment to me was perfect Bulgakov has captured the essence of this type of situation The only thing the professor could do for Alexei was to reassure ElenaBulgakov brilliantly sketches even minor characters Outside of House No 13 a war is raging Several family members are involved and in this way the reader is provided a view of the wider world and the characters that inhabit it Perhaps my favorite is this troubling scene in which the janitor drafted into service as coroner is helping Nikolka the younger brother find Colonel Nais Turs Nikolka’s fallen comrade in armsMoving carefully in order not to slip on the floor Fyodor grasped Nais Turs by the head and pulled hard A flat chested broad hipped woman was lying face down across Nai’s stomach There was a cheap little comb in the hair at the back of her neck glittering dully like a fragment of glass Without stopping what he was doing Fyodor deftly pulled it out dropped it into the pocket of his apron and gripped NaiTurs under the armpits As it was pulled out of the pile his head lolled back his sharp unshaven chin pointed upwards and one arm slipped from the janitor’s grasp p271Bulgakov keeps the plot taut and the reader engaged This book reuires little suspension of disbelief The White Guard is realist unlike the much fanciful “The Master and Margarita” Bulgakov does however add a touch of the supernatural And while the book is political enough to have been suppressed by Stalin the uestion of which of the three sides fighting the war is “right” is never really posed much less answered The interesting uestions all pertain to the individual and to a family trying to survive a civil war The primary loyalties are personal which in Ukraine as elsewhere reflects reality The book is ambivalent toward political loyalties and the revolutions borne of having putting those loyalties before the personal The author as surely as the characters must have had little enthusiasm for revolutionary politicsIn the end perhaps the highest praise I can give is that it would be difficult to read “The White Guard” without becoming attached to the Turbin family Perhaps this than any overt politics is why the novel was banned in the Stalinist Soviet Union

  9. Leah Leah says:

    “Blood is cheap on those red fields”It is 1918 and Kiev in the Ukraine is at the swirling centre of the forces unleashed by war and revolution The three Turbin siblings live in the house of their recently deceased mother in the city They are White Russians still loyal to the Russian Tsar hoping against hope that he may have escaped the Bolsheviks and be living still But there are other factions too – the German Army have installed a puppet leader the Hetman Skoropadsky and the Ukranian peasantry are on the march in a nationalist movement under their leader Petlyura This is the story of a few short days when the fate of the city seems up for grabs and the lives of the Turbins like so many in those turbulent times are under constant threat Great and terrible was the year of Our Lord 1918 of the Revolution the second Its summer abundant with warmth and sun its winter with snow highest in its heaven stood two stars the shepherds' star eventide Venus; and Mars – uivering red I found the beginning of this book rather difficult because I had no idea who all the various factions and real life characters were nor what they were attempting to achieve But I soon realised that in this I differed less from the fictional characters than I first thought This is a book about confusion and betrayal shifting allegiances chaos and fear Bulgakov takes a panoramic approach following one character and then panning off to another This gives it an episodic feel and adds to the sense of events moving too uickly for the people involved ever to fully grasp The Turbins actually aren't in it a lot of the time but they provide a thread for us to catch at in the maze and a human side to the story for us to care aboutOne of the early episodes tells the story of the soldier Victor a friend of the Turbins who with 39 companions is ordered to defend the city from the approaching forces of Petlyura Ill euipped and insufficiently clothed for the extreme cold two of the men die of frostbite and the rest are lucky to survive They achieve nothing While reading this I was simultaneously reading the beginning of Trotsky's History of the Russian Revolution where he talks of the mass mobilisation of workers and peasants into the Russian army to fight against Germany in WW1 His description of the ill trained poorly euipped troops dying needlessly in vast numbers is chillingly similar and I found that each book lent verisimilitude to the otherAlthough the Turbins are on the side of the Tsar the book itself doesn't seem to take a political stance If anything it paints an eually despicable picture of all the various faction leaders as cowards hiding behind the men they send carelessly to their deaths As senior officers on all sides run into hiding middle ranking officers are left to decide whether to make a stand or disband their troops many of them no than young boys in cadet corps It gives an only too credible feeling for the chaos in the city for people not knowing what's happening and for each new rumour spreading like wildfire Amidst all this we see odd glimpses of life continuing – boys out playing in the snow workers making their way to their jobs people shopping Through the Turbin brothers Nikolka and Alexei we see the battle each man must individually face between fear and heroism while Elena their sister must wait at home praying for their safetyIn the gaps between scenes of extreme brutality Bulgakov lets us glimpse his love for the city He describes the streets his characters pass through the alleyways they use to escape the ancient cathedral the huge statue of Saint Vladimir on the hill above the city But we are never allowed to forget the approaching threat But the brightest light of all was the white cross held by the gigantic statue of St Vladimir atop Vladimir Hill It could be seen from far far away and often in summer in thick black mist amid the osier beds and tortuous meanders of the age old river the boatmen would see it and by its light would steer their way to the City and its wharves In winter the cross would glow through the dense black clouds a frozen unmoving landmark towering above the gently sloping expanse of the eastern bank whence two vast bridges were flung across the river One the ponderous Chain Bridge that led to the right bank suburbs the other high slim and urgent as an arrow that carried the trains from where far away crouched another city threatening and mysterious Moscow As the chaos worsens so we see the atrocities that are never far from war – the criminals jumping on the lack of order to terrorise an already demoralised citizenry the bodies left unidentified and unclaimed in the City's morgue the wounded frightened to seek help for fear of capture Not uite knowing who every faction was made it even unsettling though I wondered if Bulgakov's first readers would have known and so might have read it differently A truly brilliant book that while concentrating on one small city gives a brutal and terrifyingly believable picture of the horrors unleashed in the wake of bloody revolution And here we are one hundred years later with Moscow again invading the Ukraine – this troubled and divided territory still fighting what is essentially the same war The snow would just melt the green Ukranian grass would grow again and weave its carpet over the earth The gorgeous sunrises would come again The air would shimmer with heat above the fields and no traces of blood would remain Blood is cheap on those red fields and no one would redeem itNo one wwwfictionfanblogwordpresscom

  10. Ian Ian says:

    Written in the 1920s but this early Bulgakov novel touches on some topical issues like Ukrainian nationalism and the relationship between the Ukrainian and Russian languages Plus ça change?More than that though it's a drama about a family caught up in the collapse of their society The middle class Turbin family live in Kiev but are ethnic Russians monarchists and generally firm adherents to the old social order But the Tsarist Empire has collapsed and the family are swept up in a 3 way conflict involving the Bolsheviks the Whites and the Ukrainian nationalists Confusion is the dominant theme Soldiers on the frontline do their duty unaware their generals have already abandoned them; crowds listen to political speeches without having any idea who or what they are listening to; and ordinary people have no notion of what is happening 10 miles outside the city Throughout the chaos the Turbins and their friends try to maintain their loyalty to each other the only anchor they have leftThe novel's portrayal of the anti Bolshevik Turbins is entirely sympathetic Unsurprisingly its publication at the time was blocked and Bulgakov was marked down as a counter revolutionary A modified version was however produced for the stage under the title Days of the Turbins and apparently many in the audiences were deeply affected by Bulgakov's recreation of the terrible days of 1918 19 Another well crafted novel by this truly great writer

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Белая гвардия ✅ Белая гвардия PDF / Epub ⚣ Author Mikhail Bulgakov – La guardia bianca ui pubblicato per la prima volta in Italia in versione integrale ovvero sia con il finale ufficiale sia con uello originario a lungo perduto è il romanzo che diede a Bulgakov celebr La guardia bianca ui pubblicato per la prima volta in Italia in versione integrale ovvero sia con il finale ufficiale sia con uello originario a lungo perduto è il romanzo che diede a Bulgakov celebrità in vita prima della fama universale postuma raggiunta con Il Maestro e Margherita Tutto ruota attorno alle vicende dei tre fratelli Turbin Aleksej Nikolka ed Elena nella tempestosa Kiev dell'inverno La città è nelle mani dell'avventuriero Simon Petljura ma si trova anche nella morsa di un duplice accerchiamento uello dell'atamano cosacco Shoropadskij e dei bolscevichi Le avventure dei fratelli Turbin si susseguono fra malattie guarigioni miracolose preghiere eroismi fughe divorzi amori e amicizie Sullo sfondo tratteggiata con rapidità futurista ma allo stesso tempo con potente afflato epico la Storia di una nazione e di un popolo fotografati in un momento decisivo.