Complexity: A Very Short Introduction PDF · A Very

Download PDF books over the lastyearsIn this Very Short Introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, to complex adaptive systems such as A Very Short PDF ✓ the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, he combines simple, well known examples Adam Smith s pin factory, Darwin s comet orchid, and Simon s watchmaker with an account of the approaches, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theoryABOUT THE SERIES The Very Short ^{Complexity: A Very Short Introduction PDF · A Very} Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area These pocket sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable."/>
 Paperback
 112 pages
 Complexity: A Very Short Introduction
 John H. Holland
 08 September 2018 John H. Holland
 0199662541
10 thoughts on “Complexity: A Very Short Introduction”
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➜ [Epub] ❧ Complexity: A Very Short Introduction By John H. Holland ➦ – Larringtonlifecoaching.co.uk The importance of complexity is well captured by Hawking s comment Complexity is the science of the st century From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and m Very Short Epub µ The importance of complexity is well captured by Hawking s comment Complexity is the science of the st century From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and market regulation, the study and understanding of complex non linear systems has become highly Complexity: A MOBI :å influential Download PDF books over the lastyearsIn this Very Short Introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, to complex adaptive systems such as A Very Short PDF ✓ the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, he combines simple, well known examples Adam Smith s pin factory, Darwin s comet orchid, and Simon s watchmaker with an account of the approaches, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theoryABOUT THE SERIES The Very Short ^{Complexity: A Very Short Introduction PDF · A Very} Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area These pocket sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
This short booklet mainly provides some tools to look at complex systems Perhaps it is a good state of affairs I can not judge that , but it remains very theoretical What is also striking is that most of the tools can only be used in the form of mathematical or schematic models, and consequently are only applicable to a limited number of complex systems Holland suggests that in the future a global theory of complex systems is possible, but at the same time he indicates that many questions re This short booklet mainly provides some tools to look at complex systems Perhaps it is a good state of affairs I can not judge that , but it remains very theoretical What is also striking is that most of the tools can only be used in the form of mathematical or schematic models, and consequently are only applicable to a limited number of complex systems Holland suggests that in the future a global theory of complex systems is possible, but at the same time he indicates that many questions remain open For my purpose, the use of complexity thinking in the study of history , this book did not offer many relevant things
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I was a bit disappointed with this book I was disappointed probably because I expect so much of books in this series I have quite a few of the OUP s A Very Short Introduction series, on a wide variety of topics They are variable, but mostly I have found them excellent introductions to topics, which have often let me start and work on deeper and longer studies to get a better understanding You have to have a realistic view of how much such a short book can provide but they are usually ver I was a bit disappointed with this book I was disappointed probably because I expect so much of books in this series I have quite a few of the OUP s A Very Short Introduction series, on a wide variety of topics They are variable, but mostly I have found them excellent introductions to topics, which have often let me start and work on deeper and longer studies to get a better understanding You have to have a realistic view of how much such a short book can provide but they are usually very clear and a great starting point This book was an exception I accept complexity is going to be at least complicated But I would have expected an introduction to be introductory I found this to be hard going At first I was going to give this 2 stars But then I realised it s not really that poor just not typical for the series I have learnt something about Complexity.Little of the book is actually about complexity or the interesting property of emergence mainly about how we model it, and through modelling I assume hope to understand it better, but this modelling is all in the early stages I would have appreciated a fewexamples of complexity and emergence, and a little less of the modelling
This was my first A Very Short Introduction book, so there is no comparison there Complexity is not always the most inviting subject and certainly difficult to put in a short introduction.Since this was not my first book on complexity, as I read Stuart Kauffman s At Home in the Universe before, I was aware of most of the concepts Sadly, the book provided not muchthan Kauffman s book, though I wish now that I had read Holland before, just to speed up my capability of following Kauffma This was my first A Very Short Introduction book, so there is no comparison there Complexity is not always the most inviting subject and certainly difficult to put in a short introduction.Since this was not my first book on complexity, as I read Stuart Kauffman s At Home in the Universe before, I was aware of most of the concepts Sadly, the book provided not muchthan Kauffman s book, though I wish now that I had read Holland before, just to speed up my capability of following Kauffman Time savings business case for a first dive in complexity theory, Holland definitely wins.To have earned 4 or even 5 stars, Holland could have reached a little bitout to what complexity could mean for humanity, and especially our social networks, companies or institutions Much further than a rainforest analogy, or some checkers game examples or the workings of our human cells, Holland did not get and he dared not touch too much upon the many unclarities around complex adaptive systems, which organisations, social groups or governments are.Therefore, my next complexity read will focus on complex adaptive leadership
Chapter 1 Complex systemsChapter 2 Complex physical systems CPS Chapter 3 Complex adaptive systems CAS Chapter 4 Agents, networks, degree, and recirculationChapter 5 Specialization and diversityChapter 6 EmergenceChapter 7 Co evolution and the formation of nichesChapter 8 Putting it all together
I m a big fan of this whole Very Short Introduction series I have several, mostly in Kindle but this one snuck it s way into my pile at a bookstore Most are 4 and really do give a quick survey of a whole field, so I usually read if I m starting to study or my knowledge is old This one is quite similar but it misses several aspects of Complex Adaptive Systems CAS that I m already aware of, while going into depth on others I re read it and dropped my rating considerably Acritical r I m a big fan of this whole Very Short Introduction series I have several, mostly in Kindle but this one snuck it s way into my pile at a bookstore Most are 4 and really do give a quick survey of a whole field, so I usually read if I m starting to study or my knowledge is old This one is quite similar but it misses several aspects of Complex Adaptive Systems CAS that I m already aware of, while going into depth on others I re read it and dropped my rating considerably Acritical reading found a considerable number of important error I had skimmed over the very non standard definition of an ecological niche he thinks the human body is a single niche for organisms that inhabit it , unsupported generalisations e.g all complex adaptive systems becomecomplex, while in fact the opposite happens in many cases, e.g parasites becoming simpler than the free living organisms they evolved from , category mistakes it s not individual systems that necessarily become simpler orcomplex but evolutionary lines whether that is an animal vs a species or a town market versus a computerized commodity market.Holland explains the big division in Complexity studies between CAS complexity and complex physical systems such as the atmosphere but then spends very little time on the latter This was fine by me as today I m interested in CAS But then, maybe it would have been 5 if he d at least listed some of the other approaches to CAS at the same level of detail as physical systems For example he does not even mention Bayesian Networks Now I think of it, his whole approach is constructive building CAS from bottom up with little mention of analytic understanding CAS top down via learning models.There is a small amount of mathematics in the book, but you don t need to know how to work it For example, it is useful to know what a partial differential equation is, but you don t need to know how to construct one, let alone solve it
2018.06.22 2019.01.12ContentsHolland JH 2014 Complexity A Very Short IntroductionPrefaceList of illustrations 01 A cellular automaton 02 A snowflake curve 03 Small world networks 04 Ising model 05 Turing s model of symmetry breaking in morphogenesis 06 An agent and the corresponding network 07 Successive changes of strength under a bucket brigade 08 Producing new rules by cross over 09 Urn model of coupled reactions 10 Generating faces by recombination 11 Substructures 2018.06.22 2019.01.12ContentsHolland JH 2014 Complexity A Very Short IntroductionPrefaceList of illustrations 01 A cellular automaton 02 A snowflake curve 03 Small world networks 04 Ising model 05 Turing s model of symmetry breaking in morphogenesis 06 An agent and the corresponding network 07 Successive changes of strength under a bucket brigade 08 Producing new rules by cross over 09 Urn model of coupled reactions 10 Generating faces by recombination 11 Substructures and structures using children s building blocks 12 Lynx Hare oscillation 13 Diffusion between urns 14 Ball arrangements in urns 15 Criterion for a valid model1 Complex systems What is complexity Complicated vs complex The behaviours of complex systems Two kinds of complexity Analysing complexity2 Complex physical systems CPS Characteristics of complex physical systems Snowflake curves and fractals Scaling Networks Dynamics3 Complex adaptive systems CAS Characteristics of complex adaptive systems Agent structure CAS theory4 Agents, networks, degree, and recirculation Agents and networks Loops Tree like approximations and evolutionary games5 Specialization and diversity Specialists Diversity Origins of production lines6 Emergence Building blocks revisited Building blocks mediate emergence Boundaries and emergence7 Co evolution and the formation of niches What is a niche Niche theory Niche formation through co evolution Mechanisms producing niche evolution8 Putting it all together The role of an overarching framework A closer look at generated systems A generated framework for CAS Important questions Interpretation of the framework A short summaryFurther readingIndex
Hm I have a bit of mixed feeling about this book, though Holland is definite the scientist who impact me the most in understanding complex systems I think I just have mixed feelings about this Very Short Introduction VSI series it s too short In Shannon s phrases, I may say, the carrying capacity of the book format is smaller than the entropy of the information source Also, this Introduction is not so much of a introduction In my opinion, it slike a concluding chapter of Holland s Hm I have a bit of mixed feeling about this book, though Holland is definite the scientist who impact me the most in understanding complex systems I think I just have mixed feelings about this Very Short Introduction VSI series it s too short In Shannon s phrases, I may say, the carrying capacity of the book format is smaller than the entropy of the information source Also, this Introduction is not so much of a introduction In my opinion, it slike a concluding chapter of Holland s life long ingenious contribution to the science, on his final vision of the fundamental framework of complexity science that is yet to be substantiated He was so close, but now he s not with us any Majority of the text is a hurry review of Signals and Boundaries , which is not too long in itself but the formulation of the gated tagged urn metaphor isin depth I imagine a introduction for people who are not familiar with his work or complex system sciences in general should containhistorical evolution of the subject But I can t really imagine, I m too biased Overall, this book is very, say, Holland and he s quite special
I grabbed the book in order to gain some structured insight of complexity and, especially, CAS As a Public Health professional, complexity and CAS, right next to probabilities, play a crucial role in my field The verdict the book can be classified as a guide that will take you from the abstract concept of complexity, through the essentials of complex adaptive systems CAS , all the way to the mathematical depths of probability, Markov models and Turing s model of symmetry breaking morphogenes I grabbed the book in order to gain some structured insight of complexity and, especially, CAS As a Public Health professional, complexity and CAS, right next to probabilities, play a crucial role in my field The verdict the book can be classified as a guide that will take you from the abstract concept of complexity, through the essentials of complex adaptive systems CAS , all the way to the mathematical depths of probability, Markov models and Turing s model of symmetry breaking morphogenesis In introducing complexity, the book makes use of all disciplines utilizing the concept and, while certain section of it were rather difficult to grasp from the first read by a non mathematician physicit, it has to be highlighted that the 90 pages can be read and utilized by professionals of all disciplines even slightly related to the logical mindset of probabilities and complexity
Read less like an accessible introduction for a layperson than a condensed summary for a specialist It was possible to grasp to gist in places, but this was not written with the general reader in mind.