The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It PDF ✓

The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It PDF ✓



10 thoughts on “The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It

  1. Adam Ross Adam Ross says:

    Do you recall the end of The Dark Knight Batman locates the Joker through tapping into every cell phone in Gotham city, turning them into one gigantic triangulation machine The Future of the Internet, though written before the movie, is about exactly that It deals with the issue of tethered devices iPads, iPods, e book readers, webcams, flip cams and the rest of the growing technological wonders of Web 2.0 It is commonly believed that the Internet is the harbinger of freedom and privatizat Do you recall the end of The Dark Knight Batman locates the Joker through tapping into every cell phone in Gotham city, turning them into one gigantic triangulation machine The Future of the Internet, though written before the movie, is about exactly that It deals with the issue of tethered devices iPads, iPods, e book readers, webcams, flip cams and the rest of the growing technological wonders of Web 2.0 It is commonly believed that the Internet is the harbinger of freedom and privatization Instead, we find a growing ability to control content and the free flow of information Databases and newspapers copyright content so that others cannot use the statistics and content to benefit mankind Apple, Microsoft and video game designersandrely upon DRM Digital Restrictions Management to control copying of film, music and video technology they are attempting to assert their copyrights through technological locks that curtail fair use laws and encroach upon the public domain Video games on the new consoles can only be installed on one console, and then only four times Thus, gamers cannot install their games on multiple consoles to play peer to peer, both gamers must pay the 80 to get the game This is the withdraw of private ownership and the dawn of an age of use We do not own the music and movies and games we buy online, we are paying for the privilege of using them for a certain time.Further, it is illegal by U.S law to hack the system to bypass these controls Even if you simply want to know how these devices work if you crack their encryptions you are liable to the corporations and can be brought up on felony charges If you are caught tampering with such technological encryption, the corporations also have the right to brick your console, iPad, Nook or computer, essentially killing the machine They have the power to do this remotely, from any place on earthhas the ability to reach into every Kindle on earth and delete any content they wish a power they have already utilized.Police and military are already able to access your webcams and cell phones to spy on citizens If the device is plugged in, they can be used to eavesdrop on any conversion within the microphone or camera they have iPhones track your every movement, linked up to the google maps network, and increasingly police can confiscate these phones and download this tracking information without a warrant In a world where devices are permanently linked to the internet, serious privacy issues and violations are already here The newly debuted cloud computers, which have no hard drive, but hold all their applications and content on the internet cloud, draw questions about privacy, control, and ownership If I store documents on a cloud owned by a corporation, does this count as a work for hire, in which case the corporation possesses the copyright of my work But, Zittrain is quick to say, this recent development within internet programming was not inevitable, nor is it going to last forever The strong resurgence of anti DRM, anti bricking, movements and the growth of freeware and open source programming on the internet is a positive step towards freeing the internet from the control of the powerful and allowing for the true burgeoning of culture, creativity and technology We must fight and assert our rights the right to fair use, the right to mash up, the right to freedom of information, the right to keep the government and the corporations out of our computers, e readers, iPods and game consoles The personal computer flourished because it allowed for user calibration anyone could write programs to use the machines for anything We must assert this right with our e readers, and the rest of our technology.This was a really important book At first I thought the issues revolving around copyright was a marginal issue Now I m beginning to see it is almost entirely central to the explosive growth of corporate power in our country, and actually allows them to copyright ideas, information, statistics, and all later use with tight regulation and technological blocks This is nothing less than turning culture into commodity, to the point where these multinationals can literally own and control the use of culture itself


  2. Travis Travis says:

    Here is an author that has put a ton of data and thought into his argument that the internet is doomed to fail if we all keep buying Xbox s and iPhones To some degree he is right There are manyclosed systems gainingandmarket shares Though the book was already dated with Zittrain s blasting the iPhone for not being open to third party development A fact that Jobs deleted with the release of the iPhone SDK in the Summer of 2008 Zittrain maintains that the internet is only Here is an author that has put a ton of data and thought into his argument that the internet is doomed to fail if we all keep buying Xbox s and iPhones To some degree he is right There are manyclosed systems gainingandmarket shares Though the book was already dated with Zittrain s blasting the iPhone for not being open to third party development A fact that Jobs deleted with the release of the iPhone SDK in the Summer of 2008 Zittrain maintains that the internet is only successful because it was formed by thousands of people piggy backing on each other s work and play This chain of progress went unchecked by corporate interests and mainstream media Mix that with some wisdom of crowds philosophy and viola, you have the internet I have to say I agree with just about everything he had to say in the middle of his book The last third or the solutions section was good too, but not as realistic or maybe fair is the word in regards to businesses and corporate innovators But it all made for great thinking and discussions Zittrain does a good job of explaining generative properties and the usefulness of digital technology, in terms of duct tape and vodka All easy to understand, but a bit long winded The book would probably be better served if chopped in half Hence the 3 out of 5 rating He really makes sure the reader knows how important security features are Almost every point he makes is drawn with an arrow pointing back to how much consumers treasure security Which is indeed true and fully understood before you make it to page 100 much less page 236 But an interesting read if you are at all interested in software or online development Don t be afraid to skip around and skim parts of this one


  3. Elaine Nelson Elaine Nelson says:

    I want to read this again probably online , to reabsorb some of the lessons and get a sense of whether I have any part to play in the landscape as it moves forward ugh, mixed metaphor roundup This is the other book that I read after seeing its author at SXSWi 09, and in this case, his presentation was on the same topic of the book So there was a lot that felt familiar, but withdepth and nuance Generativity is the central metaphor of the book what allows for it and what are its co I want to read this again probably online , to reabsorb some of the lessons and get a sense of whether I have any part to play in the landscape as it moves forward ugh, mixed metaphor roundup This is the other book that I read after seeing its author at SXSWi 09, and in this case, his presentation was on the same topic of the book So there was a lot that felt familiar, but withdepth and nuance Generativity is the central metaphor of the book what allows for it and what are its consequences It s a useful construct for understanding a wide variety of phenomenon, from the beginning of the PC to the current technology landscape.I read someplace recently that most books about the culture of the internet are either optimists or pessimists, and I d agree with that sentiment generally What strikes me about Zittrain is that he takes a reasonable middle approach here s the awesome parts, here s how that leads to something scary, here s something insane that could happen as a reaction, here s some ways we could work ourselves out of it I like that


  4. Liam Liam says:

    Though these two inventions iPhone and Apple II were launched by the same man, the revolutions that they inaugurated were radically different For the technology that each inagurated were radically different The Apple II was quintessentially generative technology It invited people to tinker with it Hobbyists wrote programs It was a platform Businesses began to plan on selling software Jobs and Apple had no clue how the machine would be used They had their hunches, but, fortunatel Though these two inventions iPhone and Apple II were launched by the same man, the revolutions that they inaugurated were radically different For the technology that each inagurated were radically different The Apple II was quintessentially generative technology It invited people to tinker with it Hobbyists wrote programs It was a platform Businesses began to plan on selling software Jobs and Apple had no clue how the machine would be used They had their hunches, but, fortunately for them, nothing constrained the PC to the hunches of the founders Apple did not even know that VisiCalc was on the market when it noticed sales of the Apple II skyrocketing The Apple II was designed for surprises some very good VisiCalc , and some not so good the inevitable and frequent computer crashes The iPhone is the opposite It is sterile Rather than a plaform that invites innovation, the iPhone comes preprogrammed You are not allowed to add programs to the all in one device that Steve Jobs sells you Its functionality is locked in 2 Just as the general purpose PC beat leased and appliancized counterparts that could perform only their manufacturers applications and nothing else, the Internet first linked to and then functionally replaced a host of proprietary consumer network services 26 Generative systems are built on the notion that they are never fully complete, that they have many uses yet to be conceived of, and that the public can be trusted to invent and share good uses Multiplying breaches of that trust can threaten the very foundations of the generative system 43 Generativity is a system s capacity to produce unanticipated change through unfiltered contributions from broad and varied audiences 70 Generativity s benefits can be groupedformally as at least two distinct goods, one deriving from unanticipated change, and the other from inclusion of large and varied audiences The first good is its innovative output new things that improve people s lives The second good is its participatory input, based on a belief that a life well lived is one in which there is opportunity to connect with other people, to work with them, and to express one s own individuality through creative endeavors 80 Mash together those technologies and functionalities through the kind of generative mixing allowed by their open APIs and it becomes trivial to receive answers to questions like Where was Jonathan Zittrain last year on the fourteenth of February , or, Who could be found near the entrance to the local Planned Parenthood clinic in the past six months The answers need not come from government or corporate cameras, which are at least partially secured against abuse through well considered privacy policies from Privacy 1.0 Instead the answers come from apowerful, generative source an army of the world s photographers, including tourists sharing their photos online without firm or legitimate expectations of how they might next be used and reused 215 Today s online environment is only half of the verkeersbordvrij system there are few perceived rules, but there are also few ways to receive, and therefore respect, cues from those whose content or data someone might be using 228


  5. Eustacia Tan Eustacia Tan says:

    This is technically a book that I m reading for one of my tutorials, but I find that I need to write things down, to get some order to my thoughts.The Future of the Internet And How to Stop It is, to me, a warning The internet came about about because it had the element of generativity Generativity is a system s capacity to produce unanticipated change through unfiltered contributions from broad and varied audiences Basically, because people can add things to the internet, it grew so fast This is technically a book that I m reading for one of my tutorials, but I find that I need to write things down, to get some order to my thoughts.The Future of the Internet And How to Stop It is, to me, a warning The internet came about about because it had the element of generativity Generativity is a system s capacity to produce unanticipated change through unfiltered contributions from broad and varied audiences Basically, because people can add things to the internet, it grew so fast But now, we re shifting away from generativity to what the author calls sterile appliances The threat of viruses and bad code makes people like me go to closed systems like Apple , where screening is involved and I m pretty sure that the apps I download aren t malware.But, this shift threatens the essence on which the internet is built So how are we going to combat this The book talked about the Verkeersbordvrij experiment, where removing traffic signals actually reduced accidents, and points to the success of wikipedia as a way that social pressures instead of legal means can be used to prevent bad information and possible, bad software from being spread.To me, this seems to involve the belief that the majority of people are good and those intending to make mischief can be reigned in But as the book itself points out, there is now a business model for viruses, and I m pretty sure that spam mail and the scam emails are making someone money I believe even the wikipedia model has some flaws too little eyes on it, and it may just falter I think there was the Saved by the Bell wiki, that had its content changed, right It may be that the generative element works only when the audience size within a certain range.Or maybe I m being unnecessarily cynical.Maybe we can preserve the generative element that let the internet grow After all, generatively itself is, at its core, not a technology project It is an education project, an exercise in intellect and community, the founding concepts of the universe It may be that the current and future generation of internet uses, the ones who grew up with the concept of the internet, are willing to be informed participants, who will demand the ability to mix and create new things out of the existing, who will use open source software to its fullest potential Things like fanvids as insignificant as they seem tell me that people taking a range of things and making something new from them.Or they could be so used to apps that only the select few go beyond that to create apps and rewire parts of the internet Maybe, generativity will settle down to alimited range in the future we can mix and match and make things, but only using source data that is approved or imported to the virtual world by ourselves Would that strain of retained generativity be the real thing, or a false one, controlled by one of the larger tech companies I have no idea, but this book definitely gave me a lot of think about Now here s hoping I can write my book report This review was first posted at Inside the mind of a Bibliophile


  6. Kim Pallister Kim Pallister says:

    After having it on my to read list for some time, I got around to reading this book and am kicking myself for not getting to it earlier It s great It s well thought out and it s an important book.I plan on writing something lengthier on my thoughts after reading it It has spawned dozens of ideas for me but here are some quick points.In short, the book is about the trade off between Open and Closed systems something I ve written a fair amount about He makes the point that Open and Clos After having it on my to read list for some time, I got around to reading this book and am kicking myself for not getting to it earlier It s great It s well thought out and it s an important book.I plan on writing something lengthier on my thoughts after reading it It has spawned dozens of ideas for me but here are some quick points.In short, the book is about the trade off between Open and Closed systems something I ve written a fair amount about He makes the point that Open and Closed lie on opposite ends of a spectrum Open provides Affordance the ability for systems to be used for purposes beyond their design and Generativity that they encourage or breed the innovation of these new uses Closed systems provide Security, Ease of Use, and sometimes affordability e.g think razors blades In many places in current day, the closed systems are winning because vendors and users don t take the long term view as to the cost to innovation.The author goes on to show how this view of systems holds true for the internet at large as well as the endpoint devices It then broadens into a larger discussion of everything from reputation systems to legislative solutions vs honor code types of systems.Is the book perfect No Many of the solutions, or at least solution directions, proposed are flawed e.g allowing programmability with security through VMs is not a solution so long as the owner of the VM platform or the platform under it are still closed It doesn t matter though If the book gets people even thinking and talking about this subject matter, then it s a worthwhile contribution Go read it It s an important book also, a free PDF version is available at the book s site do a google search


  7. Vinay Vinay says:

    The key idea in The Future of the Internet And How to Stop It is what Jonathan Zittrain calls generativity Essentially, Zittrain posits that the feature that makes the internet successful is that it easily allows anyone to build new products, features, and communities on top of an open infrastructure.The problem with generativity is that it also allows and encourages the creation of negative products and features malware, spam, identity theft, piracy, etc.The threat to generativity is t The key idea in The Future of the Internet And How to Stop It is what Jonathan Zittrain calls generativity Essentially, Zittrain posits that the feature that makes the internet successful is that it easily allows anyone to build new products, features, and communities on top of an open infrastructure.The problem with generativity is that it also allows and encourages the creation of negative products and features malware, spam, identity theft, piracy, etc.The threat to generativity is that, in the face of unwanted spam malware essentially, things that inconvenience common users , users may beamenable to stricter regulation of the internet this has the potential to damage the very generative features that have allowed projects such as Wikipedia Wikipedia is cited as a prime example of a generative community built on top of the internet many of his solutions are based on the Wikipedia community.The solution Zittrain proposes is essentially an extension of techniques that the internet and wikipedia are built on informally defined standards and social s that are organically grown instead of imposed from on high.The book is a decent formulation of the problems with regulating a giant, open network It peters out at the end, however, when he talks about the effects on privacy and how to stave off regulation by various governments


  8. Naomi Toftness Naomi Toftness says:

    I ended up giving up on this book I think this book quickly became dated and it s hard to stay concentrated on such a technical and doom filled book that dwells on history Not enough Future, or what can be done about it


  9. Lori Grant Lori Grant says:

    A should read book for knowledge workers and entrepreneurs on concepts and trends regarding visions of the future.


  10. Vikas Lather Vikas Lather says:

    Not very clear and concise


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The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It [Reading] ➱ The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It ➹ Jonathan L. Zittrain – Larringtonlifecoaching.co.uk This extraordinary book explains the engine that has catapulted the Internet from backwater to ubiquity and reveals that it is sputtering precisely because of its runaway success With the unwitting he This extraordinary book explains the engine that of the PDF/EPUB é has catapulted the Internet from backwater to ubiquity and reveals that it is sputtering precisely because of its runaway success With the unwitting help of its users, the generative Internet is on a path to a lockdown, The Future PDF or ending its cycle of innovation and facilitating unsettling new kinds of controlIPods, iPhones, Xboxes, and TiVos represent the first wave of Internet centered products that can t be easily modified by anyone except their vendors or selected partners These tethered appliances have already been used Future of the eBook ¸ in remarkable but little known ways car GPS systems have been reconfigured at the demand of law enforcement to eavesdrop on the occupants at all times, and digital video recorders have been ordered to self destruct thanks to a lawsuit against the manufacturer thousands of miles away New Webplatforms like Google mash ups and Facebook are rightly touted but their applications can be similarly monitored and eliminated from a central source As tethered appliances and applications eclipse the PC, the very nature of the Internet its generativity, or innovative character is at riskThe Internet s current trajectory is one of lost opportunity Its salvation, Zittrain argues, lies in the hands of its millions of users Drawing on generative technologies like Wikipedia that have so far survived their own successes, this book shows how to develop new technologies and social structures that allow users to work creatively and collaboratively, participate in solutions, and become true netizens The book is available to download under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alikelicense Download PDF.